PythonにうまくGDALをインストールする方法

gdal GDAL
gdal

「pip install GDAL==3.1.3」などのコマンドでインストールするとうまくいかない場合があります。
これはインストール時にビルドを行っていて、環境によって依存しているライブラリなどが不足しているためです。
※エラーは下部に掲載しています。

こういった場合はwhlを使うことでインストールすることができます。

手順

インストールされているGDALと同じバージョンをインストールする必要があるのでGDALのバージョンを確認しておきます。

gdalinfo --version
GDAL 3.1.3, released 2020/09/01

つぎに下記のサイトからインストールしたいGDALのwhlファイルをダウンロードします。
>>lfd.uci.edu/~gohlke/pythonlibs/#gdal

Pythonは3.6を使用しているため下記をダウンロードしました。
GDAL-3.1.3-cp36-cp36m-win_amd64.whl
インストールコマンド「pip install .\GDAL-3.1.3-cp36-cp36m-win_amd64.whl」を実行してみます。

pip install .\GDAL-3.1.3-cp36-cp36m-win_amd64.whl
Processing c:\work\gdal-3.1.3-cp36-cp36m-win_amd64.whl
Installing collected packages: GDAL
Successfully installed GDAL-3.1.3

うまくインストールできました。
続いて簡単な動作確認用のプログラムを実行してみます。
画像のサイズとバンド数が出力されてばOKです。

sample.py
#!/usr/bin/env python
# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-

import numpy as np
from osgeo import gdal, gdalconst

ds = gdal.Open('./image.tif', gdalconst.GA_ReadOnly)

print(ds.RasterXSize)
print(ds.RasterYSize)
print(ds.RasterCount)
出力結果サンプル
12742
17879
4

インストール時のエラー例1

pip install GDAL==2.4.4
Collecting GDAL==2.4.4
  Using cached GDAL-2.4.4.tar.gz (564 kB)
Using legacy 'setup.py install' for GDAL, since package 'wheel' is not installed.
Installing collected packages: GDAL
    Running setup.py install for GDAL ... error
    ERROR: Command errored out with exit status 1:
     command: 'c:\users\Administrator\appdata\local\programs\python\python36\python.exe' -u -c 'import sys, setuptools, tokenize; sys.argv[0] = '"'"'C:\\Users\\Administrator\\AppData\\Local\\Temp\\pip-install-9hihw37x\\gdal\\setup.py'"'"'; __file__='"'"'C:\\Users\\Administrator\\AppData\\Local\\Temp\\pip-install-9hihw37x\\gdal\\setup.py'"'"';f=getattr(tokenize, '"'"'open'"'"', open)(__file__);code=f.read().replace('"'"'\r\n'"'"', '"'"'\n'"'"');f.close();exec(compile(code, __file__, '"'"'exec'"'"'))' install --record 'C:\Users\Administrator\AppData\Local\Temp\pip-record-3dvhsmht\install-record.txt' --single-version-externally-managed --compile --install-headers 'c:\users\Administrator\appdata\local\programs\python\python36\Include\GDAL'
         cwd: C:\Users\Administrator\AppData\Local\Temp\pip-install-9hihw37x\gdal\
    Complete output (28 lines):
    running install
    running build
    running build_py
    creating build
    creating build\lib.win-amd64-3.6
    copying gdal.py -> build\lib.win-amd64-3.6
    copying ogr.py -> build\lib.win-amd64-3.6
    copying osr.py -> build\lib.win-amd64-3.6
    copying gdalconst.py -> build\lib.win-amd64-3.6
    copying gdalnumeric.py -> build\lib.win-amd64-3.6
    creating build\lib.win-amd64-3.6\osgeo
    copying osgeo\gdal.py -> build\lib.win-amd64-3.6\osgeo
    copying osgeo\gdalconst.py -> build\lib.win-amd64-3.6\osgeo
    copying osgeo\gdalnumeric.py -> build\lib.win-amd64-3.6\osgeo
    copying osgeo\gdal_array.py -> build\lib.win-amd64-3.6\osgeo
    copying osgeo\gnm.py -> build\lib.win-amd64-3.6\osgeo
    copying osgeo\ogr.py -> build\lib.win-amd64-3.6\osgeo
    copying osgeo\osr.py -> build\lib.win-amd64-3.6\osgeo
    copying osgeo\__init__.py -> build\lib.win-amd64-3.6\osgeo
    c:\users\Administrator\appdata\local\programs\python\python36\lib\site-packages\setuptools\lib2to3_ex.py:41: SetuptoolsDeprecationWarning: 2to3 support is deprecated. If the project still requires Python 2 support, please migrate to a single-codebase solution or employ an independent conversion process.
      SetuptoolsDeprecationWarning)
    Fixing build\lib.win-amd64-3.6\gdal.py build\lib.win-amd64-3.6\ogr.py build\lib.win-amd64-3.6\osr.py build\lib.win-amd64-3.6\gdalconst.py build\lib.win-amd64-3.6\gdalnumeric.py build\lib.win-amd64-3.6\osgeo\gdal.py build\lib.win-amd64-3.6\osgeo\gdalconst.py build\lib.win-amd64-3.6\osgeo\gdalnumeric.py build\lib.win-amd64-3.6\osgeo\gdal_array.py build\lib.win-amd64-3.6\osgeo\gnm.py build\lib.win-amd64-3.6\osgeo\ogr.py build\lib.win-amd64-3.6\osgeo\osr.py build\lib.win-amd64-3.6\osgeo\__init__.py
    Skipping optional fixer: ws_comma
    Fixing build\lib.win-amd64-3.6\gdal.py build\lib.win-amd64-3.6\ogr.py build\lib.win-amd64-3.6\osr.py build\lib.win-amd64-3.6\gdalconst.py build\lib.win-amd64-3.6\gdalnumeric.py build\lib.win-amd64-3.6\osgeo\gdal.py build\lib.win-amd64-3.6\osgeo\gdalconst.py build\lib.win-amd64-3.6\osgeo\gdalnumeric.py build\lib.win-amd64-3.6\osgeo\gdal_array.py build\lib.win-amd64-3.6\osgeo\gnm.py build\lib.win-amd64-3.6\osgeo\ogr.py build\lib.win-amd64-3.6\osgeo\osr.py build\lib.win-amd64-3.6\osgeo\__init__.py
    Skipping optional fixer: ws_comma
    running build_ext
    building 'osgeo._gdal' extension
    error: Microsoft Visual C++ 14.0 or greater is required. Get it with "Microsoft C++ Build Tools": https://visualstudio.microsoft.com/visual-cpp-build-tools/
    ----------------------------------------
ERROR: Command errored out with exit status 1: 'c:\users\Administrator\appdata\local\programs\python\python36\python.exe' -u -c 'import sys, setuptools, tokenize; sys.argv[0] = '"'"'C:\\Users\\Administrator\\AppData\\Local\\Temp\\pip-install-9hihw37x\\gdal\\setup.py'"'"'; __file__='"'"'C:\\Users\\Administrator\\AppData\\Local\\Temp\\pip-install-9hihw37x\\gdal\\setup.py'"'"';f=getattr(tokenize, '"'"'open'"'"', open)(__file__);code=f.read().replace('"'"'\r\n'"'"', '"'"'\n'"'"');f.close();exec(compile(code, __file__, '"'"'exec'"'"'))' install --record 'C:\Users\Administrator\AppData\Local\Temp\pip-record-3dvhsmht\install-record.txt' --single-version-externally-managed --compile --install-headers 'c:\users\Administrator\appdata\local\programs\python\python36\Include\GDAL' Check the logs for full command output.

インストール時のエラー例2

pip install GDAL==3.1.3
Collecting GDAL==3.1.3
  Downloading GDAL-3.1.3.tar.gz (593 kB)
     |████████████████████████████████| 593 kB 6.4 MB/s
Using legacy 'setup.py install' for GDAL, since package 'wheel' is not installed.
Installing collected packages: GDAL
    Running setup.py install for GDAL ... error
    ERROR: Command errored out with exit status 1:
     command: 'c:\users\Administrator\appdata\local\programs\python\python36\python.exe' -u -c 'import sys, setuptools, tokenize; sys.argv[0] = '"'"'C:\\Users\\Administrator\\AppData\\Local\\Temp\\pip-install-nuxie4dc\\gdal\\setup.py'"'"'; __file__='"'"'C:\\Users\\Administrator\\AppData\\Local\\Temp\\pip-install-nuxie4dc\\gdal\\setup.py'"'"';f=getattr(tokenize, '"'"'open'"'"', open)(__file__);code=f.read().replace('"'"'\r\n'"'"', '"'"'\n'"'"');f.close();exec(compile(code, __file__, '"'"'exec'"'"'))' install --record 'C:\Users\Administrator\AppData\Local\Temp\pip-record-62ern880\install-record.txt' --single-version-externally-managed --compile --install-headers 'c:\users\Administrator\appdata\local\programs\python\python36\Include\GDAL'
         cwd: C:\Users\Administrator\AppData\Local\Temp\pip-install-nuxie4dc\gdal\
    Complete output (63 lines):
    running install
    running build
    running build_py
    creating build
    creating build\lib.win-amd64-3.6
    copying gdal.py -> build\lib.win-amd64-3.6
    copying ogr.py -> build\lib.win-amd64-3.6
    copying osr.py -> build\lib.win-amd64-3.6
    copying gdalconst.py -> build\lib.win-amd64-3.6
    copying gdalnumeric.py -> build\lib.win-amd64-3.6
    creating build\lib.win-amd64-3.6\osgeo
    copying osgeo\gdal.py -> build\lib.win-amd64-3.6\osgeo
    copying osgeo\gdalconst.py -> build\lib.win-amd64-3.6\osgeo
    copying osgeo\gdalnumeric.py -> build\lib.win-amd64-3.6\osgeo
    copying osgeo\gdal_array.py -> build\lib.win-amd64-3.6\osgeo
    copying osgeo\gnm.py -> build\lib.win-amd64-3.6\osgeo
    copying osgeo\ogr.py -> build\lib.win-amd64-3.6\osgeo
    copying osgeo\osr.py -> build\lib.win-amd64-3.6\osgeo
    copying osgeo\__init__.py -> build\lib.win-amd64-3.6\osgeo
    c:\users\Administrator\appdata\local\programs\python\python36\lib\site-packages\setuptools\lib2to3_ex.py:41: SetuptoolsDeprecationWarning: 2to3 support is deprecated. If the project still requires Python 2 support, please migrate to a single-codebase solution or employ an independent conversion process.
      SetuptoolsDeprecationWarning)
    Fixing build\lib.win-amd64-3.6\gdal.py build\lib.win-amd64-3.6\ogr.py build\lib.win-amd64-3.6\osr.py build\lib.win-amd64-3.6\gdalconst.py build\lib.win-amd64-3.6\gdalnumeric.py build\lib.win-amd64-3.6\osgeo\gdal.py build\lib.win-amd64-3.6\osgeo\gdalconst.py build\lib.win-amd64-3.6\osgeo\gdalnumeric.py build\lib.win-amd64-3.6\osgeo\gdal_array.py build\lib.win-amd64-3.6\osgeo\gnm.py build\lib.win-amd64-3.6\osgeo\ogr.py build\lib.win-amd64-3.6\osgeo\osr.py build\lib.win-amd64-3.6\osgeo\__init__.py
    Skipping optional fixer: ws_comma
    Fixing build\lib.win-amd64-3.6\gdal.py build\lib.win-amd64-3.6\ogr.py build\lib.win-amd64-3.6\osr.py build\lib.win-amd64-3.6\gdalconst.py build\lib.win-amd64-3.6\gdalnumeric.py build\lib.win-amd64-3.6\osgeo\gdal.py build\lib.win-amd64-3.6\osgeo\gdalconst.py build\lib.win-amd64-3.6\osgeo\gdalnumeric.py build\lib.win-amd64-3.6\osgeo\gdal_array.py build\lib.win-amd64-3.6\osgeo\gnm.py build\lib.win-amd64-3.6\osgeo\ogr.py build\lib.win-amd64-3.6\osgeo\osr.py build\lib.win-amd64-3.6\osgeo\__init__.py
    Skipping optional fixer: ws_comma
    running build_ext
    building 'osgeo._gdal' extension
    building 'osgeo._gdalconst' extension
    building 'osgeo._osr' extension
    building 'osgeo._ogr' extension
    creating build\temp.win-amd64-3.6
    creating build\temp.win-amd64-3.6
    creating build\temp.win-amd64-3.6
    creating build\temp.win-amd64-3.6
    creating build\temp.win-amd64-3.6\Release
    creating build\temp.win-amd64-3.6\Release
    creating build\temp.win-amd64-3.6\Release
    creating build\temp.win-amd64-3.6\Release
    creating build\temp.win-amd64-3.6\Release\extensions
    creating build\temp.win-amd64-3.6\Release\extensions
    creating build\temp.win-amd64-3.6\Release\extensions
    creating build\temp.win-amd64-3.6\Release\extensions
    C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio\2019\BuildTools\VC\Tools\MSVC\14.27.29110\bin\HostX86\x64\cl.exe /c /nologo /Ox /W3 /GL /DNDEBUG /MD -I../../port -I../../gcore -I../../alg -I../../ogr/ -I../../ogr/ogrsf_frmts -I../../gnm -I../../apps -Ic:\users\Administrator\appdata\local\programs\python\python36\include -Ic:\users\Administrator\appdata\local\programs\python\python36\include -Ic:\users\Administrator\appdata\local\programs\python\python36\lib\site-packages\numpy\core\include "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio\2019\BuildTools\VC\Tools\MSVC\14.27.29110\include" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.18362.0\ucrt" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.18362.0\shared" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.18362.0\um" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.18362.0\winrt" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.18362.0\cppwinrt" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio\2019\BuildTools\VC\Tools\MSVC\14.27.29110\include" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.18362.0\ucrt" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.18362.0\shared" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.18362.0\um" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.18362.0\winrt" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.18362.0\cppwinrt" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio\2019\BuildTools\VC\Tools\MSVC\14.27.29110\include" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.18362.0\ucrt" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.18362.0\shared" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.18362.0\um" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.18362.0\winrt" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.18362.0\cppwinrt" /EHsc /Tpextensions/gdal_wrap.cpp /Fobuild\temp.win-amd64-3.6\Release\extensions/gdal_wrap.obj
    C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio\2019\BuildTools\VC\Tools\MSVC\14.27.29110\bin\HostX86\x64\cl.exe /c /nologo /Ox /W3 /GL /DNDEBUG /MD -I../../port -I../../gcore -I../../alg -I../../ogr/ -I../../ogr/ogrsf_frmts -I../../gnm -I../../apps -Ic:\users\Administrator\appdata\local\programs\python\python36\include -Ic:\users\Administrator\appdata\local\programs\python\python36\include -Ic:\users\Administrator\appdata\local\programs\python\python36\lib\site-packages\numpy\core\include "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio\2019\BuildTools\VC\Tools\MSVC\14.27.29110\include" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.18362.0\ucrt" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.18362.0\shared" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.18362.0\um" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.18362.0\winrt" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.18362.0\cppwinrt" /Tcextensions/gdalconst_wrap.c /Fobuild\temp.win-amd64-3.6\Release\extensions/gdalconst_wrap.obj
    C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio\2019\BuildTools\VC\Tools\MSVC\14.27.29110\bin\HostX86\x64\cl.exe /c /nologo /Ox /W3 /GL /DNDEBUG /MD -I../../port -I../../gcore -I../../alg -I../../ogr/ -I../../ogr/ogrsf_frmts -I../../gnm -I../../apps -Ic:\users\Administrator\appdata\local\programs\python\python36\include -Ic:\users\Administrator\appdata\local\programs\python\python36\include -Ic:\users\Administrator\appdata\local\programs\python\python36\lib\site-packages\numpy\core\include "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio\2019\BuildTools\VC\Tools\MSVC\14.27.29110\include" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.18362.0\ucrt" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.18362.0\shared" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.18362.0\um" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.18362.0\winrt" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.18362.0\cppwinrt" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio\2019\BuildTools\VC\Tools\MSVC\14.27.29110\include" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.18362.0\ucrt" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.18362.0\shared" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.18362.0\um" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.18362.0\winrt" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.18362.0\cppwinrt" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio\2019\BuildTools\VC\Tools\MSVC\14.27.29110\include" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.18362.0\ucrt" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.18362.0\shared" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.18362.0\um" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.18362.0\winrt" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.18362.0\cppwinrt" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio\2019\BuildTools\VC\Tools\MSVC\14.27.29110\include" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.18362.0\ucrt" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.18362.0\shared" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.18362.0\um" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.18362.0\winrt" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.18362.0\cppwinrt" /EHsc /Tpextensions/ogr_wrap.cpp /Fobuild\temp.win-amd64-3.6\Release\extensions/ogr_wrap.obj
    C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio\2019\BuildTools\VC\Tools\MSVC\14.27.29110\bin\HostX86\x64\cl.exe /c /nologo /Ox /W3 /GL /DNDEBUG /MD -I../../port -I../../gcore -I../../alg -I../../ogr/ -I../../ogr/ogrsf_frmts -I../../gnm -I../../apps -Ic:\users\Administrator\appdata\local\programs\python\python36\include -Ic:\users\Administrator\appdata\local\programs\python\python36\include -Ic:\users\Administrator\appdata\local\programs\python\python36\lib\site-packages\numpy\core\include "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio\2019\BuildTools\VC\Tools\MSVC\14.27.29110\include" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.18362.0\ucrt" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.18362.0\shared" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.18362.0\um" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.18362.0\winrt" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.18362.0\cppwinrt" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio\2019\BuildTools\VC\Tools\MSVC\14.27.29110\include" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.18362.0\ucrt" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.18362.0\shared" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.18362.0\um" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.18362.0\winrt" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.18362.0\cppwinrt" /EHsc /Tpextensions/osr_wrap.cpp /Fobuild\temp.win-amd64-3.6\Release\extensions/osr_wrap.obj
    gdal_wrap.cpp
    osr_wrap.cpp
    gdalconst_wrap.c
    ogr_wrap.cpp
    extensions/gdalconst_wrap.c(3018): fatal error C1083: include ファイルを開けません。'gdal.h':No such file or directory
    extensions/osr_wrap.cpp(3198): fatal error C1083: include ファイルを開けません。'cpl_string.h':No such file or directory
    extensions/ogr_wrap.cpp(3149): fatal error C1083: include ファイルを開けません。'gdal.h':No such file or directoryextensions/gdal_wrap.cpp(3189): fatal error C1083: include ファイルを開けません。'cpl_port.h':No such file or directory

    building 'osgeo._gnm' extension
    C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio\2019\BuildTools\VC\Tools\MSVC\14.27.29110\bin\HostX86\x64\cl.exe /c /nologo /Ox /W3 /GL /DNDEBUG /MD -I../../port -I../../gcore -I../../alg -I../../ogr/ -I../../ogr/ogrsf_frmts -I../../gnm -I../../apps -Ic:\users\Administrator\appdata\local\programs\python\python36\include -Ic:\users\Administrator\appdata\local\programs\python\python36\include -Ic:\users\Administrator\appdata\local\programs\python\python36\lib\site-packages\numpy\core\include "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio\2019\BuildTools\VC\Tools\MSVC\14.27.29110\include" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.18362.0\ucrt" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.18362.0\shared" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.18362.0\um" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.18362.0\winrt" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.18362.0\cppwinrt" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio\2019\BuildTools\VC\Tools\MSVC\14.27.29110\include" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.18362.0\ucrt" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.18362.0\shared" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.18362.0\um" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.18362.0\winrt" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.18362.0\cppwinrt" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio\2019\BuildTools\VC\Tools\MSVC\14.27.29110\include" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.18362.0\ucrt" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.18362.0\shared" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.18362.0\um" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.18362.0\winrt" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.18362.0\cppwinrt" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio\2019\BuildTools\VC\Tools\MSVC\14.27.29110\include" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.18362.0\ucrt" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.18362.0\shared" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.18362.0\um" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.18362.0\winrt" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.18362.0\cppwinrt" /EHsc /Tpextensions/gnm_wrap.cpp /Fobuild\temp.win-amd64-3.6\Release\extensions/gnm_wrap.obj
    gnm_wrap.cpp
    extensions/gnm_wrap.cpp(3135): fatal error C1083: include ファイルを開けません。'gdal.h':No such file or directory
    building 'osgeo._gdal_array' extension
    C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio\2019\BuildTools\VC\Tools\MSVC\14.27.29110\bin\HostX86\x64\cl.exe /c /nologo /Ox /W3 /GL /DNDEBUG /MD -I../../port -I../../gcore -I../../alg -I../../ogr/ -I../../ogr/ogrsf_frmts -I../../gnm -I../../apps -Ic:\users\Administrator\appdata\local\programs\python\python36\include -Ic:\users\Administrator\appdata\local\programs\python\python36\include -Ic:\users\Administrator\appdata\local\programs\python\python36\lib\site-packages\numpy\core\include "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio\2019\BuildTools\VC\Tools\MSVC\14.27.29110\include" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.18362.0\ucrt" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.18362.0\shared" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.18362.0\um" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.18362.0\winrt" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.18362.0\cppwinrt" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio\2019\BuildTools\VC\Tools\MSVC\14.27.29110\include" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.18362.0\ucrt" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.18362.0\shared" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.18362.0\um" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.18362.0\winrt" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.18362.0\cppwinrt" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio\2019\BuildTools\VC\Tools\MSVC\14.27.29110\include" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.18362.0\ucrt" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.18362.0\shared" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.18362.0\um" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.18362.0\winrt" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.18362.0\cppwinrt" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio\2019\BuildTools\VC\Tools\MSVC\14.27.29110\include" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.18362.0\ucrt" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.18362.0\shared" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.18362.0\um" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.18362.0\winrt" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.18362.0\cppwinrt" /EHsc /Tpextensions/gdal_array_wrap.cpp /Fobuild\temp.win-amd64-3.6\Release\extensions/gdal_array_wrap.obj
    gdal_array_wrap.cpp
    extensions/gdal_array_wrap.cpp(3144): fatal error C1083: include ファイルを開けません。'gdal.h':No such file or directory
    error: command 'C:\\Program Files (x86)\\Microsoft Visual Studio\\2019\\BuildTools\\VC\\Tools\\MSVC\\14.27.29110\\bin\\HostX86\\x64\\cl.exe' failed with exit status 2
    ----------------------------------------
ERROR: Command errored out with exit status 1: 'c:\users\Administrator\appdata\local\programs\python\python36\python.exe' -u -c 'import sys, setuptools, tokenize; sys.argv[0] = '"'"'C:\\Users\\Administrator\\AppData\\Local\\Temp\\pip-install-nuxie4dc\\gdal\\setup.py'"'"'; __file__='"'"'C:\\Users\\Administrator\\AppData\\Local\\Temp\\pip-install-nuxie4dc\\gdal\\setup.py'"'"';f=getattr(tokenize, '"'"'open'"'"', open)(__file__);code=f.read().replace('"'"'\r\n'"'"', '"'"'\n'"'"');f.close();exec(compile(code, __file__, '"'"'exec'"'"'))' install --record 'C:\Users\Administrator\AppData\Local\Temp\pip-record-62ern880\install-record.txt' --single-version-externally-managed --compile --install-headers 'c:\users\Administrator\appdata\local\programs\python\python36\Include\GDAL' Check the logs for full command output.

どうしてもうまく行かない時

どうしてもうまく行かない場合、GDALをインストールせずにGDALを使う方法もあるので、下記の記事も参考にしてみてください。

【簡単】GDALインストールせずにGDALを使う方法
gdalのインストールがうまく行かずに悩んでいるあなたに朗報です。 gdalのdockerコンテナを使うとgdalをインストールせずに使用することが可能です。
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